• Tragedy Resources for Children, Youth, Parents and Educators

    The shooting tragedy in Newton, Connecticut has deeply affected our country. Such incidents of mass violence can lead to emotional
    distress. Children are particularly vulnerable to such events, especially when the victims of the violence were children. When such events occur, it can be
    difficult for parents and teachers to know how to help kids understand and cope with the situation. Below are some web links and attached a resource list for
    your information.

    The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration maintains a disaster distress hotline for help. This toll-free helpline operates 24
    hours-a-day, seven days a week. This free, confidential and multilingual, crisis support service is available via telephone (1-800-985-5990)
    and SMS (Text ‘TalkWithUs’ to 66746) to U.S. residents who are experiencing psychological distress as a result of a natural or man-made disaster, incidents
    of mass violence or any other disasters. Callers are connected to trained and caring professionals from the closest crisis counseling center in the network.
    The helpline staff provides confidential counseling, referrals and other needed support services.

    For more information on coping with violence and traumatic events, visit http://www.samhsa.gov/trauma/.
    Highlighted Resources for Children, Parents, and Educators from SAMHSA

    Children and Youth—SAMHSA Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series installment


    This SAMHSA Disaster Behavioral
    Health Information Series installment focuses on the reactions and mental
    health needs of children and youth after a disaster and contains resources from
    both the child trauma and disaster behavioral health fields. The collection
    includes an annotated bibliography and a section with helpful links to
    organizations, agencies, and other resources that address disaster preparedness
    and response issues surrounding children and youth.

    The annotated bibliography is found at http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/dbhis/dbhis_children_bib.asp

    Helpful links are found at http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/dbhis/dbhis_children_links.asp

    Tips for talking with and helping
    children and youth cope after a disaster or traumatic event: A guide for
    parents, caregivers, and teachers


    This tip sheet helps parents,
    caregivers, and teachers to recognize and address stress responses in children
    and youth affected by traumatic events such as automobile accidents and
    disasters. It describes stress reactions that are commonly seen in young trauma
    survivors from various age groups and offers tips on how to help as well as

    Cultural Awareness: Children and
    Youth in Disasters Podcast


    The goal of this 60-minute podcast
    is to assist disaster behavioral health responders in providing culturally
    aware and appropriate disaster behavioral health services for children, youth,
    and families impacted by natural and human-caused disasters. Featured speakers
    include April Naturale, Ph.D., of SAMHSA DTAC and Russell T. Jones, Ph.D., of Virginia
    Tech University.

    This podcast has been archived at http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/podcasts/cultural-awareness/register.asp.

    The transcript has been archived at http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/podcasts/cultural-awareness/transcript.pdf.

    The presentation has been archived at http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/podcasts/cultural-awareness/presentation.pdf.

    Psychosocial issues for children
    and adolescents in disasters


    This booklet includes resources for
    people working with children after a disaster. It covers child development
    theories in relation to how youth respond emotionally to disasters. It also
    features suggestions, case studies, and a resource guide.

    Supplemental research bulletin:
    Children and disasters


    This Research Bulletin from SAMHSA
    examines the emotional impact that natural and human-caused disasters have on
    children and youth. Developed in July 2012, this bulletin examines five
    recently published research and literature review articles and provides a
    discussion of the risk factors linked to children’s responses to disaster,
    protective factors, and resilience. It concludes with suggestions about policy
    and practice.

    Resources from the
    National Child Traumatic Stress Network

    okay to remember


    video provides information regarding traumatic grief in children, addresses the
    three main types of trauma reminders, and illustrates how families can
    experience the pain of loss and then heal. It features physicians and experts
    in the field and is appropriate for parents and others who care for children.

    Parent Tips for Infants and

    This document offers a grid to help parents
    with infants and toddlers understand how their child may be feeling—it also
    offers an in-depth list of how parents can help their young children cope with

    o [English] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e4_tips_for_parents_with_infants_and_toddlers.pdf

    o [Chinese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/chinese/appendix_e3.pdf

    o [Japanese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/janpanese/appendix_e4.pdf


    Parent Tips for Preschoolers

    This document provides information for parents
    including reactions and/or behavior that may occur after a disaster including
    suggestions for what to say and do once the disaster is over.

    o [English] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e5_tips_for_parents_with_preschool_children.pdf

    o [Chinese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/chinese/appendix_e4.pdf

    o [Japanese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/janpanese/appendix_e5.pdf

    o [Spanish] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/spanish/apendice_e5_preescolar.pdf

    Parent Tips for School-age

    This document offers information on common
    reactions after a disaster and how parents can respond to their school-age

    o [English] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e6_tips_for_parents_with_schoolage_children.pdf

    o [Chinese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/chinese/appendix_e5.pdf

    o [Japanese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/janpanese/appendix_e6.pdf

    o [Spanish] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/spanish/apendice_e6_escolar.pdf

    o Parent
    Tips for Adolescents

    This document will provide parents with tips
    for how to respond to their adolescent child after a disaster. The tips include
    possible reactions, responses, and examples of things to do and say.

    o [English] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e7_tips_for_parents_with_adolescents.pdf

    o [Chinese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/chinese/appendix_e6.pdf

    o [Japanese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/spanish/apendice_e7_adolescentes.pdf

    o [Spanish] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/spanish/apendice_e7_adolescentes.pdf

    Tips for Parents on Media Coverage


    This tip
    sheet provides information for parents on how to limit a child's exposure to
    disturbing media images after an earthquake.

    Additional Resources for Children, Parents, and Educators

    After a loved one dies—how children grieve; And how parents
    and other adults can support them


    This 26-page booklet is for parents and other adults to help
    children who have suffered the loss of a parent or loved one to get through
    their grief.

    Helping students cope with media coverage of disasters: A
    fact sheet for teachers and school staff


    to this fact sheet, it "provides an overview of how media coverage of a
    disaster may affect students and suggests strategies that people working in
    schools can use to address these effects. The strategies described in this fact
    sheet can be used by teachers, school counselors, school social workers, other
    school staff members, and school administrators.

    Helping your child cope with media coverage of disasters: A fact
    sheet for parents


    According to the document, this fact sheet "provides an overview of how
    media coverage of a disaster may affect your child and suggests strategies that
    parents can use to address these effects.

    Responding to stressful events: Helping children cope


    This packet contains information on helping children cope after a stressful
    event. It provides information on common reactions and coping techniques.

    Talk, listen, connect: When families grieve


    This collection of resources addresses the difficult topic of the death of a
    parent and helps families cope with complex emotions, honor the life of a loved
    one, and find strength in each other. There are components for military
    families and nonmilitary families.

    Understanding child traumatic stress


    This document discusses the cognitive response to danger as
    it relates to traumatic experiences or traumatic stress throughout all
    developmental stages, particularly in children. It provides an overview of
    posttraumatic stress responses and their severity and duration, as well as
    posttraumatic stress after chronic or repeated trauma.

    Resources on Trauma and Mass

    Coping with
    Violence and Traumatic Events—This SAMHSA website has a variety of
    resources for first responders, schools, adults, and families for coping
    with violence and traumatic events. http://www.samhsa.gov/trauma/index.aspx

    Dealing with the Effects
    of Trauma: A Self-Help Guide—This SAMHSA guide provides more in-depth information
    on recovering from a traumatic event and is geared for those whose
    reactions may be lingering.


    Effects of Traumatic
    Stress after Mass Violence, Terror, or Disaster—Developed by the
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), this publication
    provides information regarding normal reactions to abnormal situations. It
    includes descriptions of common traumatic stress reactions, problematic
    stress responses, and symptoms of PTSD and Acute Stress Disorder.


    In the Wake of Trauma:
    Tips for College Students—This fact sheet helps college students cope with the
    mental health effects in the aftermath of trauma. It explains normal
    reactions, emphasizes the importance of talking about feelings, and offers
    tips for coping. Includes resources for more information.


    Mass disasters, trauma, and loss

    This brochure explains stress
    reactions individuals may experience after a disaster, what they can do to
    recover, and when they should seek professional help.


    Mental Health and Mass
    Violence: Evidence-Based Early Psychological Intervention for
    Victims/Survivors of Mass Violence—This report is targeted
    to those who deliver psychological interventions to emotionally distressed
    persons following mass violence, to those who research these issues, and
    to employers who want to help workers who have experienced this type of
    emotional trauma. It is also intended to aid officials who must decide
    what mental health help to include in the local, state, and national responses
    to survivors of mass violence and terrorism.


    Health Care for Ethnic Minority Individuals and Communities in the
    Aftermath of Disasters and Mass Violence—This
    paper reviews research that indicates that ethnic minorities (African
    American, Asian Americans, Native Americans, and Latinos) may suffer more
    adverse psychological consequences after disasters and mass violence than
    do white Americans. Guidelines are provided so that disaster behavioral
    health services can become more culturally responsive and traditional
    barriers are reduced.

    Mental Health Response
    to Mass Violence and Terrorism: A Field Guide—This SAMHSA publication
    is intended for mental health and disaster workers; first responders;
    government agency employees; and crime victim assistance, faith-based,
    healthcare, and other service providers who assist survivors and families
    during the aftermath of mass violence and terrorism. Please let us know if
    you would like additional free copies.


    Responding to Victims of
    Terrorism and Mass Violence Crimes—This booklet describes
    the relationship between the Office of Victims of Crime and the American
    Red Cross and provides guidance about crime victims' rights and needs as
    well as how to assist victims of terrorism and mass violence crime.
    It provides a comparison of how natural disasters are similar to and
    different from disasters caused by criminal human behavior and notes the
    psychological effects of each.

    Violence and Mental Illness: The Facts—This SAMHSA
    website discusses the importance of understanding mental illness and
    promoting social inclusion.


    Resources on Retraumatization and Chronic Stress:

    Addressing the Traumatic Impact of Disaster on Individuals,
    Families, and Communities


    Presented at the After the Crisis Initiative: Healing from Trauma
    after Disasters Expert Panel Meeting. This white paper addresses healing from
    the trauma induced by a disaster, especially in terms of regaining normalcy and
    offering and receiving peer support. In addition, the paper focuses on
    restoring communities with the supports necessary to be sensitive to the
    recovery from trauma by individuals, children, and families.

    with Stress


    This webpage from the Centers for Disease
    Control and Prevention provides clear concise information on coping with stress
    related to a traumatic event.

    Lessons Learned from School Crises and Emergencies


    This publication from the U.S. Department of Education
    Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools discusses retraumatization at
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) following
    the 2007 campus shooting of 32 individuals.

    Tips for Survivors of a Traumatic Event: Managing Your Stress


    This tip sheet outlines the common signs of stress after a
    disaster and provides stress reduction strategies.

    Trauma and Retraumatization


    Presented at the After the Crisis Initiative: Healing from
    Trauma after Disasters Expert Panel Meeting, this resource paper presents an
    exposition on the types of trauma and its cumulative and intergeneration
    effects. It speaks particularly to the continued retraumatization that results
    from experiencing a disaster.

    Tips for Survivors of a Traumatic
    Event: Managing Your Stress—


    This tip sheet outlines the common signs of stress after a disaster and
    provides stress reduction strategies.

    Resources for Disaster Response Professionals:

    A Guide to Managing Stress in Crisis Response Professions


    manual aids crisis response workers in stress prevention and management before,
    during, and after a public health crisis. It describes the stress cycle and
    common stress reactions and offers tips to promote a positive workplace and to
    monitor and minimize stress.

    Guidelines for working with first responders (firefighters,
    police, emergency medical service and military) in the aftermath of disaster


    online tip sheet lists common characteristics of disaster responders, suggests
    interventions for working with disaster responders, and provides additional
    resources in working with this population.

    Self-Care for Disaster Behavioral Health Responders Podcast


    DTAC recently released a Self-Care for Disaster Behavioral Health Responders
    Podcast. The goal of this 60-minute podcast is to provide information, best
    practices, and tools that enable disaster behavioral health (DBH) responders
    and supervisors to identify and effectively manage stress and secondary
    traumatic stress through workplace structures and self-care practices.

    You can read a transcript of the podcast at http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/selfcareDBHResponders/selfcareDBHResponders-transcript.pdf

    Tips for managing and preventing stress: A guide for
    emergency response and public safety workers


    This fact
    sheet gives organizational and individual tips for stress prevention and
    management for emergency response workers and public safety workers. It
    describes normal reactions to a disaster, signs of the need for stress
    management, and ways to handle stress.